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Muslims Belief in the Quran

Concerning the Quran, also anglicized as Quraan, the belief of the Salaf, also known as Salaf as Saliheen i.e. pious predecessors, is the same as their belief in all the names and attributes of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). It is a belief that is based on what is indicated by the Book of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), the Quran, and the sunnah (teachings) of His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has described the Quran as being His Word, his Speech, and that it was sent down from Him. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:

“And if anyone of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Quran), and then escort him to where he can be secure.” [Quran: Surah at Tawbah 9: Ayah 6].

What is meant by the "Word of Allah" here is the Quran. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), also says:

“Verily, this Quran narrates to the Children of Israel most of that about which they differ.” [Quran: Surah an Naml 27: Ayah 76].

So the Muslim accepts the Quran as the Word of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) in both wording and meaning. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) spoke it in a real sense and gave it to the angel Jibreel (عليه السلام) the trustworthy, then Jibreel (عليه السلام) brought it down to the heart of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), so that he might be one of the warners. 

The Salaf believed that the Quran was revealed; Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) revealed it to Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) piecemeal, i.e., bit by bit, over twenty-three years, in accordance with the wisdom of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) 

Moreover, some of the revelation was revealed for a specific reason for which it was sent down, and some of it was revealed without a specific reason. And some of it was revealed to tell of something that happened to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and his companions. Some of it was revealed concerning shar‘i (legal) rulings, according to what the scholars have said concerning this matter. 

Then the Salaf have said that the Quran is from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) in the first place and it will return (to Him) at the end of time. This is the view of the Salaf concerning the Quran.

Vertues of reciting the Quran

‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “Whoever reads one letter from the Book of Allaah will earn one good (hasanah) thereby. One good deed is equal to ten good deeds the like of it. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.’” [al-Tirmidhi, 2910; Grade: classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2327]

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “There is a soorah of the Qur’aan containing thirty verses which have interceded for a man until he was forgiven. It is the soorah Tabaarak alladhi bi yadihi’l-mulk.” [al-Tirmidhi, 2891; Ahmad, 7634; Abu Dawood, 1400; Ibn Maajah, 3786. Grade classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi and by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 3/6]/

Another hadeeth which speaks of its virtues was narrated from Jaabir, that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) never used to sleep until he had recited Alif-laam-meem tanzeel [al-Sajdah] and Tabaarak alladhi bi yadihi’l-mulk [al-Mulk]. [al-Tirmidhi, 2892; Ahmad, 14249. Grade: Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi (3/6) that this hadeeth is saheeh]

Quran al Kareem

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)  has described the Quran in superlative terms. He has described it as wise (hakeem), noble (kareem), great (‘azeem), and glorious (majeed). These qualities, in terms of which Allah has described His Book, may be attainable by one who adheres to this Book and acts upon it both inwardly and outwardly. Allah will give him some share of glory, greatness, wisdom, honor and authority that is not given to the one who does not adhere to the Book of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).

End quote. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him). Fatawa Kibar ‘Ulama al-Ummah.

 

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