Throughout the website we have used Islamic honorifics in Arabic. These titles and such like denote respect whenever referring to Allah, Prophet Muhammad etc. Below is a brief description of what these are with their meanings in English:
Subhanahu wa-ta’ala (Arabic: سبحانه و تعالى)
- glorified and exalted be He
- may He be glorified and exalted
The phrase is often abbreviated to “swt” - Applies to Allah سبحانه و تعالى only
Azza wa jal ( Arabic: عز و جل)
- Mighty and the Majestic.
- Glorified and Sublime be He.
This phrase is often abbreviated to “awj” - Applies to Allah سبحانه و تعالى only.
Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam (Arabic: صلى الله عليه و سلم also ﷺ)
- May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon him (Muhammad).
- Peace be upon him.
This phrase is often abbreviated to “sws” - Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه و سلم only.
Sall Allahu ʿalayhi wa-’alih (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله)
- May Allah grant peace and honour to him and his family.
This phrase is often abbreviated to “saww” - Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله only.
Sallallah Alayhi Walihi WaSabihi Wasallam (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم)
- May God exalt and bring peace upon him, his family, and his companions
Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم only.
Alayhis Salam (Arabic: عليه السلام)
- Peace be upon him.
This phrase is often abbreviated to “as” - Applies to the Archangels (Gibraeel عليه السلام, Mikaeel عليه السلام etc ) as well as any other Prophet (with the exception of Mariyam عليه السلام) before RasulAllah sws (Isa عليه السلام, Musa عليه السلام, Ibrahim عليه السلام etc) only.
- On Him are the blessings and the peace of Allah.
This phrase can be abbreviated to “asw” - Applies to the earlier angels and Prophets as well.
Radiyallahu anhu (Arabic Masuline: رضي الله عنه Arabic Feminine: رضی اللہ عنھا Arabic Plural: رضی اللہ عنھم)
- Masculine: Radi Allah anhoo - May Allah be pleased with him.
- Feminie: Radi Allah anhaa - Mat Allah be please with her.
- Plural: Radi Allah anhum - May Allah be pleased with them.
This phrase is often abbreviated to “ra” - Applies to the male and female companions of RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله including the wives & family of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله as well as certain scholars of Islam.
Rahmatullahi Alaih/ Rahimullah Alaih (Arabic: رحمه الله)
- May Allah’s mercy/blessing be upon him
- Variants are alaihum (them)
Applies to scholars such as Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah Alaih or A sheikhul Islam such as Ibn Taymiyyah rahmtuallahi alayh.
The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has said: Do not over praise me as the Christians over-praised the son of Mary. I am His slave so say: ‘Allah’s slave and messenger’
[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
Do not excessively praise as it can lead to shirk even if it is out of love. We ask Allah swt for forgiveness for our faulty and misguided words.