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Islamic Honorifics

Throughout the website we have used Islamic honorifics in Arabic. These titles and such like denote respect whenever referring to Allah, Prophet Muhammad etc.  Below is a brief description of what these are with their meanings in English:

Subhanahu wa-ta’ala (Arabic: سبحانه و تعالى‎) 

  • glorified and exalted be He
  • may He be glorified and exalted

The phrase is often abbreviated to “swt” - Applies to Allah سبحانه و تعالى only

Azza wa jal ( Arabic: عز و جل)

  • Mighty and the Majestic.
  • Glorified and Sublime be He.

This phrase is often abbreviated to “awj” - Applies to Allah سبحانه و تعالى only.

 

Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam (Arabic: صلى الله عليه و سلم also ﷺ) 

  •  May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon him (Muhammad).
  • Peace be upon him.

This phrase is often abbreviated to “sws” - Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه و سلم only.

Sall Allahu ʿalayhi wa-’alih  (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله)

  • May Allah grant peace and honour to him and his family.

This phrase is often abbreviated to “saww” - Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله only.

Sallallah Alayhi Walihi WaSabihi Wasallam (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم)

  • May God exalt and bring peace upon him, his family, and his companions

Applies to RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم only.

 

Alayhis Salam (Arabicعليه السلام)

  • Peace be upon him.

 This phrase is often abbreviated to “as” - Applies to the Archangels (Gibraeel عليه السلام, Mikaeel عليه السلام etc ) as well as any other Prophet (with the exception of Mariyam عليه السلام) before RasulAllah sws (Isa عليه السلام, Musa عليه السلام, Ibrahim عليه السلام etc) only.

 

Alaihissalatu Wassalam

  • On Him are the blessings and the peace of Allah.

This phrase can be abbreviated to “asw” - Applies to the earlier angels and Prophets as well.

 

Radiyallahu anhu (Arabic Masuline: رضي الله عنه‎ Arabic Feminine:   رضی اللہ عنھا Arabic Plural: رضی اللہ عنھم) 

  • Masculine: Radi Allah anhoo - May Allah be pleased with him. 
  • Feminie: Radi Allah anhaa - Mat Allah be please with her.
  • Plural: Radi Allah anhum - May Allah be pleased with them.

This phrase is often abbreviated to “ra” - Applies to the male and female companions of RasulAllah صلى الله عليه وآله including the wives & family of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله as well as certain scholars of Islam.

Rahmatullahi Alaih/ Rahimullah Alaih (Arabic: رحمه الله) 

  • May Allah’s mercy/blessing be upon him
  • Variants are alaihum (them)

Applies to scholars such as Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah Alaih or A sheikhul Islam such as Ibn Taymiyyah rahmtuallahi alayh.

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has said: Do not over praise me as the Christians over-praised the son of Mary. I am His slave so say: ‘Allah’s slave and messenger’

[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

Do not excessively praise as it can lead to shirk even if it is out of love. We ask Allah swt for forgiveness for our faulty and misguided words.

 

More in this category: « Iman - Belief of a Muslim