Allah is With Us
The Arabic word Maeeyah means "with us" and Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), the Exulted is above His Throne but at the same time with us through attributes, such as His Power, Seeing, Hearing, knowledge etc.
It is firmly established from the Quran and Sunnah that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is above His heavens over His Throne (as befits His Majesty), and that He is the Exalted, Most High. He is above all things, and there is nothing that is above Him. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:
“Allah, it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six days. Then He rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or receive admonition)?” [Quran: Surah as Sajdah 32: Ayah 4]
“Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty), disposing the affair of all things.” [Quran: Surah Yunus 10: Ayah3]
“To Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it (i.e. the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds).” [Quran: Surah Fatir 35: Ayah 10]
“He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him).” [Quran: Surah al Hadid 57: Ayah 3]
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “You are the Most High and there is nothing above You…”
There are many similar ayat (verses) and ahadeeth (prophetic narrations). But at the same time, Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) tells us that He is with His slaves wherever they are:
“Have you not seen that Allah knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no najwa (secret counsel) of three but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He Himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven), — nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), — nor of less than that or more but He is with them (with His Knowledge) wheresoever they may be.” [Quran: Surah al Mujadila 58: Ayah 7]
Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has combined mention of His being above His Throne with mention of His being with His slaves in one ayah (verse), where He proceeds the statement of being with His slave with His knowledge:
“He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be.” [Quran: Surah al Hadid 57: Ayah 4]
Saying that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is with us does not mean that He is mixed with (or dwells in) His creation; rather He is with His slaves by His knowledge. He is above His Throne and nothing is hidden from Him of what they do. With regard to the ayah:
“And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).” [Quran: Surah Qaf 50: Ayah 16]
Most of the mufassireen (exegesists, scholars of the Quran) have said that what is meant by this nearness in the above verses is that He is near by means of His angels whose task it is to record people’s deeds, and He is near by His knowledge, but not "bi-Dhatihi", by that which He is, His Personal-Self. It is not, as some people say that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is present here, there, everywhere, and even inside the breasts of men.